Friday, November 17, 2017

Scotch Marine Boilers

cutaway view of two pass scotch marine boiler dryback configuration
Cutaway view of two-pass Scotch Marine Boiler
Image courtesy Williams & Davis Boilers
Boilers have a long history in the industrialization of the world. They were a primary source of motive power for many decades in the industrial revolution. Boilers continue to be an important source of both heat and motive power.

There is no shortage of lexicon in the boiler industry, with many legacy names for particular boiler designs. A Scotch Marine Boiler is a firetube boiler that was historically employed on ships. Firetube boilers channel the furnace combustion and resulting flue gases through an enclosure (for the furnace) and smaller diameter tubes. The shell of the boiler contains the water and steam, with the furnace and firetubes immersed within. Heat is transferred from the furnace and tubes into the water, producing hot water or pressurized steam as the unit design intends. Most of the heat from fuel combustion is passed to the water from the furnace chamber, with much of the remaining heat from the flue gases transferring from the firetubes. Once leaving the firetubes, the gases pass out of the boiler to a flue or chimney.

A dry-back boiler uses an enclosed chamber at the rear of the boiler to distribute the gases exiting the furnace section into the many firetubes. It is essentially just a box with the open entries to the firetubes and the open exit from the furnace penetrating its walls. The dry-back design facilitates access to the tubes for inspection and service.

There are other boiler configurations that serve to maximize various aspects of cost, service, and performance. Share your steam and hot water requirements with boiler and combustion specialists, leveraging your own knowledge and experience with their expertise to develop an effective solution.